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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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Wooden hammer (Muthla)


1. Wooden made hammer just like iron hammer, but longer in size, having with 3-3.5 fit wooden handle, lower wooden log is of 2-2.5 kg.

2. After ploughing villagers use it for breaking big clods on field.


Hullers / Rice mills

1. Cleaned paddy on an average yields 72 percent rice, 22 percent husk and 6 percent bran.

2. The traditional hand pounding or foot pounding (Dhenki) has now become noncompetitive. The rice hullers, shellers and modern rice mills have gained popularity.

3. Hullers seldom give about 65 percent total yields with 20-30 percent broken besides, it does not give completely cleaned rice.

4. The most modern rice mills (single Pass) are available in 2-4 tons per hour capacity. The m


Grain discoloration


1. This occur at the time of panicle initation stage.

2. At this time normal grain color changes to brownish white color.


1. Seed treatment with Bavistin (0.2%) or vitavax (0.2%) for 6 hrs.

2. Spary bavistin 0.1 %


Winnowing fans

1. The hand operated and power operated winnowing fans are commercially available.

2. The paddy threshed by manual beating or by pedal operated paddy thresher is cleaned by using these fans.

3. These winnowing fans consist of frame either made up of wood, angle iron, welded steel or combination of the two along with driving mechanisms namely, sprocket and chain, belt and pulleys and single or double reduction gears.

Traditional winnowing fan:

4. Base o


Khaira disease


1. Usually in nursery; chlorotic/ yellow patches at leaf base on both sides of the midrib; restricted root growth and usually main roots turn brown.


1. Use 25kg Znso4/ha before transplanting or sowing at time of land preparation.

2. If crop is infected then use 5 kg Znso4 + 25 kg lime in 600-700 litre water per hectare.

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